EJE, vol. 95 (1998), issue 3
Nitrogen turnover of Sinella coeca (Collembola: Entomobryidae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 321-326, 1998
Adult collembolans we:re fed with two different food types. Leaves of Taraxacum officinale and Dactylis glomerata were given as food sources in two physical forms: either as intact leaves or as powder. Foods were labelled with 15N. The 15N uptake curves were measured. Turnover rates and turnover times were calculated. Results show that Taraxacum leaves are preferred to Dactylis leaves. The physical condition of the leaves influenced the nitrogen turnover of the animals to a large extent. Fragmentation of Dactylis leaves enhanced nitrogen utilization by roughly two-fold and decreased turnover...
Daily visual sensitivity pattern in the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)
KRAL K., STELZL M.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 327-333, 1998
24-hour experiments on dark-adapted compound eyes of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) show significant daily changes in absolute sensitivity to stimuli of different colors, but no daily changes in the spectral sensitivity. The absolute sensitivity is highest for all wavelengths at mid night, and lowest at noon. The daily shift of sensitivity is, however, most pronounced in the working range of the eye in the bluegreen-green region of the spectrum. The electrophysiologically measured sensitivity of the compound eye to monochromatic stimuli correlates with the size change of its superposition aperture after illumination with white...
Book Review: The Immunology of Host-Ectoparasitic Arthropod Relationships.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 333-334, 1998
Wikel S.K. (ed.): The Immunology of Host-Ectoparasitic Arthropod Relationships. CAB International, Wallingford, 1996, 331 pp.
Can Rhagoletis pomonella flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) learn to associate presence of food on foliage with foliage color?
PROKOPY R.J., REYNOLDS A.H., VAN DER ENT L.-J.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 335-341, 1998
Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) flies were exposed for 3 days in laboratory cages to yellowish, green or white surrogate leaves with or without food (sucrose) on the leaf surface. When tested in an arena minutes after fly removal from an exposure cage, yellowish surrogate leaves were more attractive to tested flies than green surrogate leaves irrespective of the nature of surrogate leaves to which flies had been exposed. However, flies exposed to green surrogate leaves having food exhibited greater propensity to alight on green surrogate leaves than flies exposed to yellowish or white surrogate leaves having food. This propensity...
Book Review: The Afrotropical Nemotelinae (Diptera, Stratiomyidae).
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 342, 1998
Mason F.: The Afrotropical Nemotelinae (Diptera, Stratiomyidae). Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino. Monografie XXIV. 1997, 309 pp. incl. 76 plates (3 of them in colour) and 19 distributional maps.
Ten aphid species (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae) as prey for Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 343-349, 1998
Ten aphid species wcre used as prey for Adalia bipunctata and six of them (Euceraphis betulae, Cavariella konoi, Liosomaphis berberidis, Acyrthosiphon ignotum, Aphis farinosa and Macrosiphoniella artemisiae) are new essential preys for this coccinellid. Eucallipterus tiliae and E. betulae were the most suitable prey according to the rate of larval development, larval mortality, adult fresh weight and coccinellid abundance in the field. They are followed by L. berberidis, C. konoi and Tuberculatus annulatus. M. artemisiae and A. ignotum are also...
Book Review: Molecular Mechanism of Immune Responses in Insects.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 350, 1998
Brey P.T. & Hultmark D. (eds): Molecular Mechanism of Immune Responses in Insects. Chapman & Hall, London, 1998, 325 pp.
The effect of plant quality and temperature on the fitness of Cinara pruinosa (Sternorrhyncha: Lachnidae) on Norway spruce
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 351-358, 1998
Many aspects in the life-history of aphids are critically dependent on the quality of their host plants and prevailing temperature. Therefore, the fitness of an aphid clone will depend on these parameters and will determine its ecological and ultimately its evolutionary success. Measuring and calculating the fitness of an organism in a natural environment is an important but also a difficult task, as many parameters that code for fitness need special assumptions, e.g. a uniform environment or stable age distribution. In this study, three aspects of environmental variability were considered: (a) the nutritional supply of the host plants (high- and low-quality...
Facultative hyperparasitism in Brachymeria pomonae (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae)
WHITE E.B., BERNAL J.S., GONZALEZ D., TRIAPITSYN S.V.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 359-366, 1998
This report summarizes a study designed to uncover any tendency towards hyperparasitic behavior in Brachymeria pomonae (Cameron), a parasitoid of pink bollworm (PBW) (Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders) imported from Australia to California for biological control of the latter pest species. Brachymeria pomonae hyperparasitized both Apanteles oenone Nixon (ca. 10% of pupae exposed) and Cardiochiles nigriceps Viereck (ca. 23% of pupae exposed), and all hyperparasitic offspring of B. pomonae were males. However, B. pomonae's aggressive primary parasitism of several lepidopterous hosts, together with the...
Does mesh height influence prey length in orb-web spiders (Araneae)?
HERBERSTEIN M.E., HEILING A.M.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 367-371, 1998
The relationship between web design and prey capture in orb-web spiders was examined by correlating the mean mesh height with the mean prey length per species taken from existing literature (15 species) and new data (Larinioides sclopetarius and Argiope keyserlingi). Pooling the data from all species, the results revealed no significant relationship. Analysing the data from L. sclopetarius and A. keyserlingi separately, no overall significant relationship was found. However, the analyses of the separate observation days showed that mesh height correlated significantly with prey length on one of the five observation days...
Book Review: Biology of the Insect Midgut.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 372, 1998
Lehane M.J. & Billingsley P.F. (eds): Biology of the Insect Midgut. Chapman & Hall, London, 1997, 486 pp.
Life history and description of the immature stages of Eumerus purpurariae (Diptera: Syrphidae) developing in Opuntia maxima
PEREZ-BANON C., MARCOS-GARCIA A.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 373-382, 1998
Eumerus purpurariae, described from the Canary Islands (Atlantic), has been reared from the stems (platyclades) of the cactus Opuntia maxima (the first known host) on Nueva Tabarca, a Mediterranean island close to the Iberian coast. The egg, larva and puparium of E. purpurariae, as well as its life cycle on the above host-plant are described. The feeding behaviour of the larva in relation to the cephalopharyngeal skeleton morphology is analysed. Based on the present data, comparative table containing the main morphological characteristics of the injurious Eumerus species of the Palaearctic region is presented.
Species of the genus Aphis (Sternorrhyncha: Aphidoidea) living on Hieracium (Asteraceae: Cichorieae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 383-394, 1998
Aphis hieracii Schrank (apterous and alate viviparous female, ovipara, male) is defined, along with description of three new species: A. heiei sp. n. (apt. and al; viv. fem.) on Hieracium umbellatum from Denmark, A. curtiseta sp. n. (apt. viv. fem., fundatrix, ovipara and male) on Hieracium (Pilosella) spp. from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Moldova and the Ukraine (Crimea), and Aphis mohelnensis sp. n. (apt. and al. viv. fem.) on H. (P.) echioides from the Czech Republic, H. (P.) bauhinii from Bulgaria and H. virosum from Uzbekistan. The latter...
Revision of the New Caledonian genus Nobarnus (Hemiptera: Tingidae) with description of three new species
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 395-406, 1998
Three new species of Tingidae (Tinginae: Tingini) belonging to the New Caledonian endemic genus Nobarnus Distant are described: N. albiceps, N. nigriceps and N. pilosus, N. signatus (Distant) and N. typicus. Distant are redescribed and the status of the genus is discussed and enlarged to accommodate the new species. A table of the main characters distinguishing species and a key to species are given.
Taxonomic review of the genus Aesalus (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) in the Himalayas
ARAYA K., TANAKA M., BARTOLOZZI L.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 407-416, 1998
The genus Aesalus F., 1801 of the family Lucanidae in the Himalayas is reviewed, and a new species, A. saburoi sp. n., is described from Central Nepal. This new species has been confused with A. himalayicus Kurosawa 1985, but differs from the latter mainly by a darker and broader body, and by different shapes of the intercoxal process of the prosternum and of male genitalia. The male of A. himalayicus sensu stricto is described for the first time and the male genitalia are illustrated. A key to the members of the genus Aesalus from the Himalayas is provided.
A revision of the genus Microtrichalus from the Philippines (Coleoptera: Lycidae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 417-428, 1998
The species of the genus Microtrichalus Pic, 1921 represented in the Philippines are revised. Six species are placed in the genus; in addition to M. basipennis (Pic, 1926), two species are described as new (M. retractus sp. n. and M. salvani sp. n., both from Mindanao), and three species are transferred from the genus Trichalus Waterhouse, 1877: M. bakeri (Kleine, 1929) comb. n., M. costilis (Kleine, 1926) comb. n. and M. communis (Waterhouse, 1879) comb. n. A key to the six Philippine Microtrichalus species and illustrations of their important diagnostic characters are provided. Trichalus...
Listroderes abditus or Antarctobius abditus? A simultaneous analysis of larval and adult characters (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
MORRONE J.J., MARVALDI A.E.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 429-436, 1998
The weevil species Listroderes abditus Enderlein belongs in the subtribe Listroderina. This species had been previously transferred to Antarctobius, based on characters from the adult morphology. However, larval characters suggest that it was placed correctly in Listroderes. A cladistic analysis of this species and nine other rhytirrhinines for which larvae are known was performed, based on 56 morphological characters (32 from larvae and 24 from adults). According to the single cladogram obtained (78 steps, CI = 0.65, and RI = 0.72), L. abditus should be included in Listroderes rather than in Antarctobius....
A new genus and new species of Phoridae (Diptera) from Poland
DISNEY R.H.L., DURSKA E.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 437-453, 1998
One new genus and seven new species of Phoridae (Diptera) are described from Bialowieska Forest in Poland, namely Poloniphora Disney & Durska gen, n. with the species P. bialoviensis Disney sp. n., Megaselia henrydisneyi Durska sp. n., M. joannae Disney sp. n., M. marekdurskii Disney sp. n., M. teresamajewskae Disney sp. n.: M. trojani Disney sp. n., Phora michali Disney sp. n., The new genus shows affinity with Australasian genera, Beckerina Malloch and Eocene fossils erroneously assigned to Megaselia in the past.
Book Review: Thrips as Crop Pests.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 454, 1998
Lewis T. (ed.): Thrips as Crop Pests. CAB International, Wellingford, Oxon, UK, New York, USA, 1997, xii + 740 pp., 65 figs, 33 photographs, 12 colour plates.
Revision of Homalomitrinae subfam. n. (Diptera: Sphaeroceridae), with the description of a new genus and three new species
ROHACEK J., MARSHALL S.A.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 455-491, 1998
A new subfamily Homalomitrinae is established for two enigmatic Neotropical genera, Homalomitra Borgmeier, 1931 and Sphaeromitra gen. n. which are diagnosed on the basis of newly discovered characters. All available specimens of the group are revised. Two new species of Homalomitra, H. antiqua sp, n. (Costa Rica, Brazil) and H. tenuior sp. n. (female only; Colombia, Ecuador) are described and the remaining species of the genus, H. ecitonis Borgmeier, 1931 (type species, Brazil) and H. albuquerquei Mourgués-Schurter, 1987 (Costa Rica) are redescribed. A key to Homalomitra species is given. Sphaeromitra...
Book Review: Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations. Effects of Ecology, Life History and Behavior.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (3): 492, 1998
Mopper S. & Strauss S.Y. (eds): Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations. Effects of Ecology, Life History and Behavior. Chapman & Hall, New York, 1997, 368 pp.