Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 422-429, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.054

First mitogenome for the subfamily Miltogramminae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) and its phylogenetic implications

Liping YAN1,2, Ming ZHANG1, Yunyun GAO1, Thomas PAPE2, Dong ZHANG1,*
1 School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China; e-mails: yanlp523@qq.com, zmbjfu@163.com, 424208072@qq.com, ernest8445@163.com
2 Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; e-mail: tpape@snm.ku.dk

The mitochondrial genome of Mesomelena mesomelaena (Loew, 1848) is the first to be sequenced in the flesh fly subfamily Miltogramminae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). The 14,559 bp mitogenome contains 37 typical metazoan mitochondrial genes: 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes and 22 transfer RNA genes, with the same locations as in the insect ground plan. All the protein-coding genes have the start codon ATN, except for cox1 (TCG). Eight protein-coding genes have the stop codon TAA, while the remaining five have the stop codon T (cox1, cox2, nad5, and nad4) or TAG (cytb). Synonymous and non-synonymous substitution rates (Ks and Ka) for each protein-coding gene indicate that these genes evolved primarily under negative (or purifying) selection (Ka < Ks). Phylogeny of Sarcophagidae is proposed based on all the sarcophagid mitogenomes in GenBank, and the subfamily topology is reconstructed as (Sarcophaginae (Paramacronychiinae, Miltogramminae)).

Keywords: Diptera, Calyptratae, Sarcophagidae, Miltogramminae, mitogenome, flesh fly, phylogeny

Received: July 6, 2017; Accepted: October 3, 2017; Revised: October 3, 2017; Published online: October 23, 2017Show citation

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YAN, L., ZHANG, M., GAO, Y., PAPE, T., & ZHANG, D. (2017). First mitogenome for the subfamily Miltogramminae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) and its phylogenetic implications. Eur. J. Entomol.114(1), 2017.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2017.054.
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