Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 275-278, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.033

Protogyny after hibernation and aestivation in Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in central Japan

Yasuko KAWAKAMI1, Kazuo YAMAZAKI2, Kazunori OHASHI3
1 Osaka Museum of Natural History, Osaka, Osaka 546-0034, Japan; e-mail: yasukocafius@gmail.com
2 Osaka Institute of Public Health, Osaka, Japan; e-mail: kazuo-yamazaki@iph.osaka.jp
3 Honmachi, Toyonaka City, Osaka 560-0021, Japan; e-mail: oohasikznr@yahoo.co.jp

Differences in the time of occurrence of both sexes of adult ladybirds, which reflect differences in the longevity and reproductive strategies of the sexes, is important from the perspective of applied entomology, including biological control, as well as basic entomology. Nevertheless, there is little field census data on this topic. We investigated the seasonal occurrence of both sexes of Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Fabricius) in Osaka City, central Japan, from 2003 to 2011. Female adults tended to appear earlier than males after hibernation or aestivation. That males never appeared earlier than females during the nine year period of this study indicate that protogyny occurs after hibernation and aestivation in this species.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Cheilomenes sexmaculata, demography, ladybird beetle, life cycle, mating

Received: January 18, 2017; Accepted: April 25, 2017; Published online: May 30, 2017Show citation

ACS AIP APA ASA Harvard Chicago IEEE ISO690 MLA NLM Turabian Vancouver
KAWAKAMI, Y., YAMAZAKI, K., & OHASHI, K. (2017). Protogyny after hibernation and aestivation in Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in central Japan. Eur. J. Entomol.114(1), 2017.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2017.033.
Download citation

References

  1. Carey J.R., Liedo P., Orozco D., Tatar M. & Vaupel J.W. 1995: A male-female longevity paradox in medfly cohorts. - J. Anim. Ecol. 64: 107-116. Go to original source...
  2. Chaudhary D.D., Mishra G. & Omkar 2016: Last male wins the egg fertilization fight: A case study in ladybird, Menochilus sexmaculatus. - Behav. Proc. 131: 1-8. Go to original source...
  3. Degen T., Hovestadt T., Mitesser O. & Hölker F. 2015: High female survival promotes evolution of protogyny and sexual conflict. - PLoS One 10(3): e0118354, 12 pp. Go to original source...
  4. De Jong P.W., Verhoog M.D. & Brakefield P.M. 1993: Sperm competition and melanic polymorphism in the 2-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). - Heredity 70: 172-178. Go to original source...
  5. De Jong P.W., Brakefield P.M. & Ceerinck B.P. 1998: The effect of female mating history on sperm precedence in the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). - Behav. Ecol. 9: 559-565. Go to original source...
  6. Hemptinne J.L., Dixon A.F.G. & Adam B. 2001: Do males and females of the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (L.), differ in when they mature sexually? - J. Insect Behav. 14: 411-419. Go to original source...
  7. Hodek I. 2012: Diapause/dormancy. In Hodek I., van Emden H. F. & Honěk A. (eds): Ecology and Behaviour of the Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae). Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 275-333.
  8. Iwasa Y., Odendaal J.F., Murphy D.D., Ehrlich P.R. & Launer A.E. 1983: Emergence patterns in male butterflies: a hypothesis and a test. - Theor. Popul. Biol. 23: 363- 379. Go to original source...
  9. Katakura H. 1981: Sperm storage place in adult females of the phytophagous ladybirds belonging to Henosepilachna vigintioctomaculata complex (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). - Kontyû 49: 477-481.
  10. Kawakami Y., Yamazaki K. & Ohashi K. 2013: Geographical variations of elytral color polymorphism in Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - Entomol. Sci. 16: 235-242. Go to original source...
  11. Kawakami Y., Yamazaki K. & Ohashi K. 2016: Population dynamics, seasonality and aphid prey of Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in an urban park in central Japan. - Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 192-199. Go to original source...
  12. Kleckner C.A., Hawley W.A., Bradshaw W.E., Holzapfel C.M. & Fisher I.J. 1995: Protandry in Aedes sierrensis: The significance of temporal variation in female fecundity. - Ecology 76: 1242-4250. Go to original source...
  13. Nedvěd O. & Honěk A. 2012: Life history and development. In Hodek I., van Emden H.F. & Honěk A. (eds): Ecology and Behaviour of the Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae). Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 54-109.
  14. Nowinszky L., Puskás J. & Kiss O. 2016: Protandry and protogyny in swarmings of caddisflies (Trichoptera) species in Hungary (Central Europe). - Int. J. Res. Zool. 6: 1-5.
  15. Obrycki J.J. & Kring T.J. 1998: Predaceous Coccinellidae in biological control. - Annu. Rev. Entomol. 43: 295-321. Go to original source...
  16. Ueno H. 1994: Intraspecific variation of P2 value in a coccinellid beetle, Harmonia axyridis. - J. Ethol. 12: 169-174. Go to original source...
  17. Wiklund C. & Fagerström T. 1977: Why do males emerge before females ? A hypothesis to explain the incidence of protandry in butterflies. - Oecologia 31: 153-158. Go to original source...
  18. Wiklund C., Lindfors V. & Forsberg J. 1996: Early male emergence and reproductive phenology of the adult overwintering butterfly Gonepteryx rhamni in Sweden. - Oikos 75: 227-240. Go to original source...