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Eur. J. Entomol. 2004, 101(3): 427–430
Diapause development in Aquarius paludum (Heteroptera: Gerridae)
HARADA T.*, ITO K., HODKOVA M. & HODEK I.
Diapause fixation and development were studied in females of a Czech population of Aquarius paludum by monitoring changes in oxygen uptake, weight and reproduction potential in field adults between August and February. The fall in oxygen uptake related to fresh weight (from > 1000 µl O2 per g per h to around 500 µl O2 per g per h) in field adults during early diapause was similar in two age cohorts, although the time of adult ecdysis differed by 50 days and thus occurred at markedly different temperatures and photoperiods of late August vs. early October. The different conditions affected the weight of females and thus also the absolute value of oxygen consumption: both parameters were much lower in the October females. The seasonal time of diapause termination in A. paludum did not differ from findings in other cold temperate insects: diapause and the photoperiodic response ended in the winter, as was shown by the possibility of insects’ reactivation by 26°C in spite of a diapause promoting daylength of 12L : 12D. In most females (78.6%) ovaries matured after transfer to these conditions in mid-February, while ovarian maturation occurred in only 16.7% of females transferred in early January and no ovarian maturation was observed in females transferred in early December. Ovarian maturation was preceded by a transient increase in oxygen consumption from 600 µl O2 per g per h to 1400 µl O2 per g per h.
AddressLaboratory of Environmental Physiology, Faculty of Education, Kochi University, Kochi 780, Japan;
KeywordsAquarius paludum, Gerridae, water striders, diapause induction, diapause development, reactivation, oxygen uptake, ovarian maturation