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Eur. J. Entomol. 2012, 109(2): 175180
Effect of different prey species on the life history parameters of Chrysoperla sinica (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)
KHUHRO N.H., CHEN H.*, ZHANG Y., ZHANG L. & WANG M.
Results of studies on prey suitability for generalist predators are important for efficient mass rearing and implementing Integrated Pest Management Programmes (IPM). The green lacewing, Chrysoperla sinica (Tjeder), is a polyphagous natural enemy attacking several pests on various crops in China. We investigated the effect of feeding it different species of prey on its pre-imaginal development, survival, adult longevity and fecundity under laboratory conditions. The prey species tested were nymphs of Aphis glycines Matsumura, cotton aphid Aphis gossypii Glover, peach aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer, corn aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch and cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora Koch, and eggs of the rice grain moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainin. None of these species of prey affected the pre-imaginal survival or percentage survival of the eggs of the predator. However, eggs of C. cephalonica and nymphs of M. persicae and A. glycines were the best of the prey species tested, in that when fed on these species the pre-imaginal developmental period of C. sinica was shorter and its adult longevity, fecundity and percentage survival greater than when fed the other species of prey. In contrast, when fed nymphs of A. craccivora the pre-imaginal development period was longer, adult longevity shorter and fecundity lower. These findings could be helpful in defining more optimum conditions for the mass rearing of C. sinica for use in integrated pest management (IPM) programmes for various crops.
AddressKey Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture,InstituteofPlant Protection,ChineseAcademy of Agricultural Sciences, and USDA-ARS Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory,Beijing, 100081, P.R. China; e-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
KeywordsNeuroptera, Chrysopidae, Chrysoperla sinica, prey species, pre-imaginal development, survival, adult longevity, fecundity