Eur. J. Entomol. 115: 15-24, 2018 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2018.003

Efficiency of pitfall traps with funnels and/or roofs in capturing ground-dwelling arthropods

Péter CSÁSZÁR, Attila TORMA, Nikolett GALLÉ-SZPISJAK, Csaba TÖLGYESI, Róbert GALLÉ
Department of Ecology, University of Szeged, Közép fasor 52, Szeged H-6726, Hungary; e-mails: csaszar.peter7@gmail.com, torma_a@yahoo.com, szpisjak.n@gmail.com, festuca7@yahoo.com, galle.robert@gmail.com

Pitfall traps are widely used for sampling ground-dwelling arthropods. Their sampling efficiency is affected by several factors, e.g. material, size and modification of parts of the trap and sampling design. Pitfall trap sampling is also affected by the accumulation of plant litter in the traps, rain fall and by-catches of small vertebrates, which may cause a bias in the catch by obstructing traps or attracting certain insects. A roof that prevents rain and plant litter entering a trap, prevents dilution of the preservative and escape of arthropods. The main goal of present study was to compare the effect of four types of differently combined funnel and roof pitfall traps on the capture efficiency of epigeal arthropods. We found that a funnel and/or a roof had no effect on spider catches. Total abundance of large carabids and thus the total abundance of ground beetles was lower in funnel pitfall traps without a roof than in other types of traps. However, funnel pitfall traps with roofs collected significantly more carabid beetles, especially individuals of those species that are large or good fliers. We conclude that funnel pitfall traps with roofs have no negative effects on capture efficiency of ground beetles and spiders, therefore application of this sampling technique is strongly recommended.

Keywords: Araneae, spiders, Carabidae, ground beetles, funnel pitfall trap, trap roof, ground-dwelling

Received: February 21, 2017; Accepted: January 3, 2018; Revised: January 3, 2018; Published online: January 29, 2018Show citation

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CSÁSZÁR, P., TORMA, A., GALLÉ-SZPISJAK, N., TÖLGYESI, C., & GALLÉ, R. (2018). Efficiency of pitfall traps with funnels and/or roofs in capturing ground-dwelling arthropods. Eur. J. Entomol.115(1), 2018.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2018.003.
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