Eur. J. Entomol. 115: 7-14, 2018 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2018.002

Genetic structure of populations of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on citrus trees in Northern Iran

Esmaeil GHOLAMIAN1, Jabraeil RAZMJOU1, Seyed Mehdi BANI HASHEMIAN2, Atefeh SABOURI3
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran; e-mails: esm1351@yahoo.com, razmjou@uma.ac.ir
2 Citrus and Subtropical Fruits Research Center, Horticultural Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, 46915-335, Ramsar, Iran; e-mail: m.banihashemian@areo.ac.ir
3 Department of Agronomy & Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran; e-mail: a.sabouri@guilan.ac.ir

The cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a serious pest of citrus in northern Iran, both because of the damaged caused by its feeding and as a vector of several viruses. The genetic structure of populations of A. gossypii on citrus trees at eight localities in Iran was surveyed using seven polymorphic microsatellite loci. Of 240 individuals tested, 142 multilocus genotypes (MLGs) were identified. The presence of multicopy genotypes and negative FIS values revealed that the major mode of reproduction in northern Iran is obligate parthenogenesis. The genotypic diversity of populations ranged between 0.24 and 0.93. Considerable genotypic diversity and a high frequency of unique MLGs, confirmed there is some cyclical parthenogenesis in the region. The analysis of molecular variance revealed high intrapopulation and weak interpopulation genetic differentiation (overall FST = 0.036) among the different populations. The UPGMA dendrogram of eight populations based on Nei's genetic distance indicated two clusters: genotypes from West of Mazandaran and Guilan provinces and those from East of Mazandaran. The same results were also obtained from the STRUCTURE analysis of these populations. This information on the genetic diversity of populations of A. gossypii in northern Iran could be useful for improving the Integrated Pest Management of this aphid.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Aphididae, Aphis gossypii, microsatellite, genetic differentiation, aphid, genotypic diversity, obligate parthenogenesis, Iran

Received: July 19, 2017; Accepted: December 27, 2017; Revised: December 27, 2017; Published online: January 29, 2018Show citation

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GHOLAMIAN, E., RAZMJOU, J., BANI HASHEMIAN, S.M., & SABOURI, A. (2018). Genetic structure of populations of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on citrus trees in Northern Iran. Eur. J. Entomol.115(1), 2018.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2018.002.
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