Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 603-608, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.073

Suitability of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype-B and Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) as prey for the ladybird beetle, Serangium japonicum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Mi TIAN, Yuling WEI, Shize ZHANG*, Tongxian LIU
Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on the Loess Plateaus of Ministry of Agriculture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; e-mails: 526244663@qq.com, 820604614@qq.com, shzzhang@nwafu.edu.cn, txliu@nwsuaf.edu.cn

The ladybird, Serangium japonicum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), is one of the most important predators of whiteflies in China, however, the suitability of different kinds of prey and nutritional requirements of this predator are poorly studied. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the pre-imaginal development, percentage survival of immatures, adult longevity and fecundity of S. japonicum when reared on two different species of prey, mixed ages of the cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype-B (i.e., eggs and nymphs) and green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in order to quantify their relative suitability as prey under laboratory conditions of 25 ± 1°C, 50 ± 10% RH and a photoperiod of 16L : 8D. The results of this study indicate that the total developmental period (from egg to adult) was shorter when they were fed on B. tabaci (18.29 ± 0.13 days) than on M. persicae (19.85 ± 0.22 days). The percentage survival of the immatures, growth index, development rate, adult fresh weight, fecundity and percentage of eggs hatching were higher and the pre-oviposition period was significantly shorter when S. japonicum were fed on B. tabaci than on M. persicae. In contrast, there was no significant difference in their longevity and oviposition period when fed on B. tabaci and M. persicae. The results indicate that as a diet for S. japonicum M. persicae is inferior to B. tabaci. This is the first record of S. japonicum being able to complete its development feeding exclusively on M. persicae. Since B. tabaci and M. persicae often simultaneously occur in vegetable fields, these results indicate that it is likely that S. japonicum could be utilized to control mixed populations of aphids and whiteflies, and furthers our understanding of ladybird population dynamics in the field in relation to the availability of different species of prey.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Aleyrodidae, Bemisia tabaci, cotton whitefly, Aphididae, Myzus persicae, green peach aphid, Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Serangium japonicum, prey suitability, biological control

Received: July 28, 2017; Accepted: December 11, 2017; Revised: December 11, 2017; Published online: December 28, 2017Show citation

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TIAN, M., WEI, Y., ZHANG, S., & LIU, T. (2017). Suitability of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotype-B and Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) as prey for the ladybird beetle, Serangium japonicum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Eur. J. Entomol.114(1), 2017.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2017.073.
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