Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 587-602, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.072

A comparative study of the abdominal trichobothria of Trichophora, with emphasis on Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera)

Cuiqing GAO1,2, Dávid RÉDEI2,*, Xueqin SHI2, Bo CAI3, Ke LIANG1, Shuo GAO1, Wenjun BU2,*
1 Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China; e-mails: cqgao@njfu.edu.cn, 2311068359@qq.com, 1078896526@qq.com
2 College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China; e-mails: david.redei@gmail.com, shixueqin@nankai.edu.cn, wenjunbu@nankai.edu.cn
3 Hainan Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, 165 West Haixiu Road, Haikou, Hainan, 570311, China; e-mail: caibohnciq@163.com

Members of the clade Trichophora (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha) have trichobothria on their abdominal sterna. There is no comparative study of the fine structure of abdominal trichobothria in the group and until now the trichobothria of their immatures were virtually unknown. The fine structure of the abdominal trichobothrial complex (= the trichobothrium and its associated structures) of adults of 98 species belonging to 25 families in 5 superfamilies and larvae of 7 species belonging to 7 families in 2 superfamilies of Trichophora were examined using scanning electron microscopy. This study indicates that the fine structure of the abdominal trichobothria is very variable and useful for determining evolutionary lineages within the clade. Six types of bothria, three of trichomes and three of microtrichia are recognized and their evolutionary transformations discussed. Changes in the size of trichomes, and density and size of the microtrichia during the postembryonic development of selected species are discussed.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Trichophora, Lygaeoidea, abdominal trichobothria, morphology, systematics

Received: October 11, 2017; Accepted: December 5, 2017; Published online: December 20, 2017

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