Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 462-469, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.059

Condensella and Endogena, two new genera of the Alebroides genus group (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from the Oriental Region with notes on the phylogeny of Empoascini

Ye XU1, Christopher H. DIETRICH2,*, Wenhui ZHAO1, Daozheng QIN1,*
1 Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of the Ministry of Education; Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; e-mails:,,
2 Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA; e-mail:

Two new microleafhopper genera of Empoascini within the subfamily Typhlocybinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), Condensella Xu, Dietrich & Qin gen. n., based on the type species C. filamenta Xu, Dietrich & Qin sp. n., and Endogena Xu, Dietrich & Qin gen. n., based on the type species E. flava Xu, Dietrich & Qin sp. n., are described from southern China and Thailand. Male habitus photos and illustrations of male genitalia of the two new species are provided. Comparative notes on related genera are provided. Phylogenetic relationships and the status of genus groups within the tribe are also discussed.

Keywords: Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae, microleafhopper, taxonomy, Alebroides group, new genera, phylogeny, Oriental Region

Received: July 30, 2017; Accepted: October 20, 2017; Revised: October 20, 2017; Published online: November 2, 2017Show citation

ACS AIP APA ASA Harvard Chicago IEEE ISO690 MLA NLM Turabian Vancouver
XU, Y., DIETRICH, C.H., ZHAO, W., & QIN, D. (2017). Condensella and Endogena, two new genera of the Alebroides genus group (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from the Oriental Region with notes on the phylogeny of Empoascini. Eur. J. Entomol.114(1), 2017.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2017.059.
Download citation


  1. Anufriev G.A. 1969: New and little known leafhoppers of the subfamily Typhlocybinae from the Soviet Maritime Territory (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). - Acta Faun. Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 13: 163-190.
  2. Anufriev G.A. 1972: New and little known Palaearctic genera and species of Typhlocybinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). - Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. (Biol.) 20: 35-42.
  3. Chasen E.M., Dietrich C.H., Backus E.A. & Cullen E.M. 2014: Potato leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) ecology and integrated pest management focused on alfalfa. - J. Integr. Pest Manag. 5: A1-A8. Go to original source...
  4. Dietrich C.H. 2013: Two new genera of Dikraneurini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from Thailand with unusual hind wing venation. - Entomotaxonomia 35: 138-145.
  5. Distant W.L. 1908: Rhynchota. IV. Homoptera and Appendix. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Taylor & Francis, London, 501 pp.
  6. Dworakowska I. 1970a: Remarks on the tribe Bakerini Mahmood with description of one new genus of Typhlocybini (Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). - Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. (Biol.) 17: 691-696.
  7. Dworakowska I. 1970b: On some genera of Typhlocybini and Empoascini (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). - Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. (Biol.) 18: 707-716.
  8. Dworakowska I. 1977: On some Typhlocybinae from Vietnam (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). - Folia Entomol. Hungar. 30(2): 9-47.
  9. Dworakowska I. 1984: Studies on Typhlocybinae of Malaysia and Singapore (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). - Reichenbachia 22: 1-21.
  10. Dworakowska I. 1993: Remarks on Alebra Fieb. and Eastern Hemisphere Alebrini (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). - Entomotaxonomia 15: 91-121.
  11. Dworakowska I. 1994a: A review of the genera Apheliona Kirk. and Znana gen. nov. (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). - Orient. Insects 28: 243-308. Go to original source...
  12. Dworakowska I. 1994b: Typhlocybinae (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae) known to occur in Sri Lanka. - Ann. Zool. Bot. 216: 3-39.
  13. Dworakowska I. 1995: Szara gen. nov. and some other Empoascini (Insecta: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). - Entomol. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 56: 129-160.
  14. Dworakowska I. & Pawar A.D. 1974: Six new oriental species of Typhlocybinae (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). - Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. (Biol.) 22: 583-590.
  15. Ghauri M.S.K. 1963: New fig leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea) from India with redescription of allied species under new genera. - Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 6: 465-475. Go to original source...
  16. Kirkaldy G.W. 1907: Leafhoppers Supplement. (Hemiptera). Bulletin of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, Entomological Series 3, xx + 186 pp.
  17. Lu S.H. & Qin D.Z. 2014: Alafrasca sticta, a new genus and species of the tribe Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) with a checklist of the tribe from China. - Zootaxa 3779: 9-19. Go to original source...
  18. Mahmood S.H. 1967: A study of the typhlocybine genera of the Oriental region (Thailand, the Philippines and adjoining areas). - Pacif. Insect Monogr. 12: 1-52.
  19. Mahmood S.H. & Ahmed M. 1968: Problems of higher classification of Typhlocybinae (Cicadellidae - Homoptera). - University Studies, University of Karachi 5: 72-79.
  20. McAtee W.L. 1926: Notes on Neotropical Eupteriginae, with a key to the varieties of Alebra albostriella (Homoptera: Jassidae). - J. N.Y. Entomol. Soc. 34: 141-174.
  21. Qin D.Z. & Zhang Y.L. 2008: Two new empoascine leafhopper genera and species (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from southern China, with a key to Chinese genera of Empoascini. - Zootaxa 1966: 62-68.
  22. Qin D.Z., Liu Y. & Zhang Y.L. 2011: A taxonomic study of Chinese Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) (III). - Zootaxa 3094: 30-42.
  23. Qin D.Z., Lu S.H. & Dietrich C.H. 2014: A key to the genera of Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) in China, with descriptions of two new genera and two new species. - Fla Entomol. 97: 1493-1510. Go to original source...
  24. Qin D.Z., Zhang L., Xiao Q., Dietrich C.H. & Matsumura M. 2015: Clarification of the identity of the tea green leafhopper based on morphological comparison between Chinese and Japanese specimens. - PloS ONE 10(9), e0139202, 13 pp. Go to original source...
  25. Rakitov R.A. 1998: On differentiation of cicadellid leg chaetotaxy (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Membracoidea). - Russian Entomol. J. 6(3-4): 7-27.
  26. Ramakrishnan U. 1982: New genus and new species of leafhopper (Empoascini: Typhlocybinae: Cicadelloidea: Homoptera) from India. - J. Entomol. Res. (New Delhi) 6: 10-12.
  27. Saeed R., Razaq M. & Hardy I.C.W. 2015: The importance of alternative host plants as reservoirs of the cotton leaf hopper, Amrasca devastans, and its natural enemies. - J. Pest Sci. 88: 517-531. Go to original source...
  28. Southern P.S. 1982: A Taxonomic Study of the Leafhopper Genus Empoasca (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in Eastern Peru. Technical Bulletin 272. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 194 pp.
  29. Xu Y., Suo H.F. & Qin D.Z. 2015: Revision of the genus Ficiana Ghauri and its relationship to other genera in Empoascini (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). - ZooKeys 541: 71-78. Go to original source...
  30. Xu Y., Wang Y.R., Lu S.H., Dietrich C.H. & Qin D.Z. 2016: Rubiparvus bistigma, a new genus and species of Empoascini (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae), with a checklist of the Alebroides group in Chinese fauna. - Zootaxa 4109: 583-589. Go to original source...
  31. Xu Y., Lu S.H., Wang Y.R., Dietrich C.H. & Qin D.Z. 2017: Two new leafhopper genera of the Alebroides genus group (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from China, with a key to genera of the group. - Entomol. Sci. 20: 327-337. Go to original source...
  32. Young D.A. 1952: A reclassification of western hemisphere Typhlocybinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). - Univ. Kans. Sci. Bull. 35: 3-217. Go to original source...
  33. Zhang Y.L. 1990: A Taxonomic Study of Chinese Cicadellidae (Homoptera). Tianze Eldonejo, Yangling, Shaanxi, 218 pp.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original publication is properly cited. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.