Eur. J. Entomol. 114: 160-169, 2017 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2017.021

An early suitability assessment of two exotic Ophraella species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) for biological control of invasive ragweed in Europe

Suzanne T.E. LOMMEN1, Emilien F. JOLIDON1, Yan SUN1,2, José I. BUSTAMANTE EDUARDO1, Heinz MÜLLER-SCHÄRER1
1 Dept. of Biology, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 10, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland; e-mails: suzanne.lommen@unifr.ch, emilien.jolidon@gmail.com, yan.sun@unifr.ch, jose.bustamanteeduardo@unifr.ch, heinz.mueller@unifr.ch
2 Plant Evolutionary Ecology, Institute of Evolution & Ecology, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 5, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany

Classical biological control is an important means of managing the increasing threat of invasive plants. It constitutes the introduction of natural enemies from the native range of the target plant into the invaded area. This method may be the only cost-effective solution to control the rapidly expanding common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, in non-crop habitats in Europe. Therefore, candidate biocontrol agents urgently need to be assessed for their suitability for ragweed control in Europe. A previous literature review prioritized the host-specific leaf beetle Ophraella slobodkini as a candidate agent for ragweed control in Europe, whereas it rejected its oligophagous congener O. communa. Meanwhile, O. communa was accidentally introduced and became established south of the European Alps, and we show here that it is expanding its European range. We then present a short version of the traditional pre-release risk-benefit assessment for these two candidate agents to facilitate fast decision-making about further research efforts. We selected two complementary tests that can be conducted relatively rapidly and inform about essential risks and benefits. We conducted a comparative no-choice juvenile performance assay using leaves of ragweed and sunflower, the most important non-target plant, in Petri dishes in climatic conditions similar to that in the current European range of O. communa. This informs on the fundamental host range and potential for increasing abundance on these host plants. The results confirm that O. slobodkini does not survive on, and is hence unlikely to cause severe damage to sunflower, while O. communa can survive but develops more slowly on sunflower than on ragweed. In parallel, our species distribution models predict no suitable area for the establishment of O. slobodkini in Europe, while O. communa is likely to expand its current range to include a maximum of 18% of the European ragweed distribution. Based on this early assessment, the prioritization and further assessment of O. slobodkini seem unwarranted whereas the results urgently advocate further risk-benefit analysis of O. communa. Having revealed that most of the European area colonized by ragweed is unlikely to be suitable for these species of Ophraella we suggest the use of such relatively short and cheap preliminary assessment to prioritise other candidate agents or strains for these areas.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Ophraella, biological control, invasive plant, Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Received: December 8, 2016; Accepted: January 30, 2017; Revised: January 30, 2017; Published online: March 22, 2017Show citation

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LOMMEN, S.T.E., JOLIDON, E.F., SUN, Y., BUSTAMANTE EDUARDO, J.I., & MÜLLER-SCHÄRER, H. (2017). An early suitability assessment of two exotic Ophraella species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) for biological control of invasive ragweed in Europe. Eur. J. Entomol.114(1), 2017.000. doi: 10.14411/eje.2017.021.
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