Eur. J. Entomol. 109 (3): 445-455, 2012 | 10.14411/eje.2012.057

Population structures of three Calliptamus spp. (Orthoptera: Acrididae) across the Western Mediterranean Basin

Elodie BLANCHET1, Michel LECOQ1, Gregory A. SWORD2, Christine PAGES1, Laurence BLONDIN1, Claire BILLOT3, Ronan RIVALLAN3, Antoine FOUCART1, Jean-Michel VASSAL1, Ange-Marie RISTERUCCI3, Marie-Pierre CHAPUIS1
1 CIRAD UPR Bioagresseurs: Analyse et maîtrise du risque, F-34398 Montpellier, France; e-mails: blanchet.elodie@gmail.com; lecoq@cirad.fr; christine.pages@cirad.fr; laurence.blondin@cirad.fr; antoine.foucart@cirad.fr; jean-michel.vassal@cirad.fr; marie-pierre.chapuis@cirad.fr
2 Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77842-2475, USA; e-mail: gasword@tamu.edu
3 CIRAD, UMR AGAP, F-34398 Montpellier, France; e-mails: claire.billot@cirad.fr; ronan.rivallan@cirad.fr; risterucci@cirad.fr

We conducted a comparative population genetic analysis of levels of genetic variation and its geographical structuring in three closely related species of grasshopper that co-occur in the Mediterranean Basin: Calliptamus italicus, C. barbarus and C. wattenwylianus. In the western part of their distributions 5 populations of C. italicus, 13 of C. barbarus and 10 of C. wattenwylianus were sampled. Bootstrap re-sampling of populations and microsatellite loci within each species indicated a lower level of genetic diversity and higher level of genetic differentiation in C. barbarus, which is less of an outbreak pest species than either of the other Calliptamus species studied. This may be due to lower effective sizes of non-outbreak populations and/or lower gene flow among them.

Keywords: Orthoptera, Acrididae, Calliptamus, population genetic, microsatellite, closely related species, potential pests

Received: December 6, 2011; Accepted: March 9, 2012; Published: July 2, 2012

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