Eur. J. Entomol. 104 (1): 149-152, 2007 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2007.021

Suitability of various prey types for the development of Propylea japonica (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Shi-Ze ZHANG1, Fan ZHANG*,2, Bao-Zhen HUA1
1 College of Plant Protection, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; e-mails: shzzhang@nwsuaf.edu.cn; huabzh@nwsuaf.edu.cn
2 Institute of Plant and Environmental Protection, Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Banjingcun, Haidian, Beijing 100089, China; e-mail: zf6131@263.net

The relative suitability of three prey organisms, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) eggs, B. tabaci nymphs, and Myzus persicae (Sulzer), to the ladybird Propylea japonica (Thunberg) was evaluated under laboratory conditions. The larvae developed fastest when fed M. persicae, and slowest on B. tabaci eggs. When fed M. persicae, all larvae successfully developed into adult with a growth index (i.e., percent pupation/larval period in days) of 13.16 and development rate of 0.096. The longevity of starving adults was 4.7 ± 0.2 days. In contrast, when fed B. tabaci eggs, all larvae survived to the second instars, 56.7% of which survived to the third instars, 13.3% to the fourth instars; only 6.7% of larvae survived to the pupal stage and the pupae developed into abnormal adults that died shortly. When fed B. tabaci nymphs, all larvae survived and successfully developed into adults with a growth index of 10.71 and development rate of 0.083. The adult body mass was greater when larvae fed M. persicae, compared to adults eclosing from larvae fed B. tabaci nymphs. On the basis of these findings, the order of suitability of three prey organisms for P. japonica is M. persicae > B. tabaci nymph > B. tabaci egg. This is the first record that P. japonica can complete its development when feeding exclusively on whitefly nymphs.

Keywords: Coccinellidae, Propylea japonica, prey suitability, Bemisia tabaci eggs, B. tabaci nymphs, Myzus persicae, biological control

Received: June 2, 2006; Accepted: October 3, 2006; Revised: October 3, 2006; Published: January 3, 2007Show citation

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ZHANG, S., ZHANG, F., & HUA, B. (2007). Suitability of various prey types for the development of Propylea japonica (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) . Eur. J. Entomol.104(1), 149-152. doi: 10.14411/eje.2007.021.
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