Eur. J. Entomol. 104 (1): 139-143, 2007 | 10.14411/eje.2007.019

Increased migration of Lepidoptera linked to climate change

Tim H. SPARKS1, Roger L.H. DENNIS1,2, Philip J. CROXTON1, Martin CADE3
1 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28 2LS, UK; e-mail: ths@ceh.ac.uk
2 Institute for Environment, Sustainability and Regeneration, Mellor Building, Staffordshire University, College Road, Stoke on Trent, ST4 2DE, UK
3 Portland Bird Observatory, The Old Lower Light, Portland Bill, Dorset DT5 2JT, UK

The number of species of migratory Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) reported each year at a site in the south of the UK has been rising steadily. This number is very strongly linked to rising temperatures in SW Europe. It is anticipated that further climate warming within Europe will increase the numbers of migratory Lepidoptera reaching the UK and the consequences of this invasion need urgent attention.

Keywords: Lepidoptera, butterflies, moths, migration, temperature response, climate change

Received: September 13, 2006; Accepted: October 19, 2006; Published: January 3, 2007


References

  1. CANNON R.J.C. 1998: The implications of predicted climate change for insect pests in the UK, with emphasis on nonindigenous species. Global Change Biol. 4: 785-796 Go to original source...
  2. CHIN T. & WELSBY P.D. 2004: Malaria in the UK: past, present, and future. Postgrad. Med. J. 80: 663-666 Go to original source...
  3. DAVIES Z.G., WILSON R.J., BRERETON T.M. & THOMAS C.D. 2005: The re-expansion and improving status of the silver-spotted skipper butterfly (Hesperia comma) in Britain: a metapopulation success story. Biol. Conserv. 124: 189-198 Go to original source...
  4. DELL D., SPARKS T.H. & DENNIS R.L.H. 2005: Climate change and the effect of increasing spring temperatures on emergence dates of the butterfly Apatura iris (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 102: 161-167 Go to original source...
  5. DENNIS R.L.H. 1993: Butterflies and Climate Change. Manchester University Press, Manchester, 302 pp
  6. DRAKE V.A. & GATEHOUSE A.G. 1995: Insect Migration. Tracking Resources through Space and Time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 496 pp
  7. EDWARDS R. (ed.) 1997: Provisional Atlas of the Aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland. Part 1. Biological Records Centre, Huntingdon, 139 pp
  8. EMMET A.M. & HEATH J. (eds) 1991: The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 7, Part 2. Harley Books, Colchester, 400 pp
  9. FORISTER M.L. & SHAPIRO A.M. 2003: Climatic trends and advancing spring flight of butterflies in lowland California. Global Change Biol. 9: 1130-1135 Go to original source...
  10. FOX R., CONRAD K.F., PARSONS M.S., WARREN M.S. & WOIWOD I.P. 2006: The State of Britain's Larger Moths. Butterfly Conservation, East Lulworth, 112 pp
  11. GILBERT M., GUICHARD S., FREISE J., GREGOIRE J.C., HEITLAND W., STRAW N., TILBURY C. & AUGUSTIN S. 2005: Forecasting Cameraria ohridella invasion dynamics in recently invaded countries: from validation to prediction. J. Appl. Ecol. 42: 805-813 Go to original source...
  12. GOULSON D., DERWENT L.C., HANLEY M.E., DUNN D.W & ABOLINS S.R. 2005: Predicting calyptrate fly populations from the weather, and probably consequences of climate change. J. Appl. Ecol. 42: 795-804 Go to original source...
  13. GULLAN P.J. & CRANSTON P.S. 2005: The Insects. An Outline of Entomology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 505 pp
  14. HAMMOND P.M., SMITH K.G.V., ELSE G.R. & ALLEN G.W. 1989: Some recent additions to the British insect fauna. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 125: 95-102
  15. HILL M., BAKER R., BROAD G., CHANDLER P.J., COPP G.H., ELLIS J., JONES D., HOYLAND C., LAING I., LONGSHAW M., MOOR N., PARROTT D., PEARMAN D., PRESTON C., SMITH R. & WATERS R. 2005: Audit of Non-native Species in England. English Nature Research Report No. 662. English Nature, Peterborough, 81 pp.
  16. HOLLAND R.A., WIKELSKI M. & WILCOVE D.S. 2006: How and why do insects migrate. Science 313: 794-796 Go to original source...
  17. KONVICKA M., MARADOVA M., BENES J., FRIC Z. & KEPKA P. 2004: Uphill shifts in distribution of butterflies in the Czech Republic: effects of changing climate detected on a regional scale. Global Ecol. Biogeog. 12: 403-410 Go to original source...
  18. LOXDALE H.D. & LUSHAI G. 1999: Slaves to the environment: the movement of herbivorous insects in relation to their ecology and genotype. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (B) 354: 1479-1495 Go to original source...
  19. PARMESAN C., RYRHOLM N., STEFANESCU C., HILL J.K., THOMAS C.D., DESCIMON H., HUNTLEY B., KAILA L., KULLBERG J., TAMMARU T., TENNEN J., THOMAS J.A. & WARREN M. 1999: Poleward shift of butterfly species' ranges associated with regional warming. Nature 399: 579-583 Go to original source...
  20. PITTAWAY A.R. 1993: The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books, Colchester, 240 pp
  21. ROBINSON R.A., LEARMONTH J.A., HUTSON A.M., MACLEOD C.D., SPARKS T.H., LEECH D.I., PIERCE G.J., REHFISCH M.M. & CRICK H.Q.P. 2005: Climate Change and Migratory Species. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, 304 pp
  22. ROOT T.L., PRICE J.T., HALL K.R., SCHNEIDER S.H., ROSENZWEIG C. & POUNDS J.A. 2003: Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants. Nature 421: 57-60 Go to original source...
  23. ROY D.B. & SPARKS T.H. 2000: Phenology of British butterflies and climate change. Global Change Biol. 6: 407-416 Go to original source...
  24. SALISBURY A. 2003: A further note on the continued spread in Britain of the lily beetle Lilioceris lilii (Scopoli) (Chrysomelidae) with notes on its host plant range. The Coleopterist 12: 67-75
  25. SHARDLOW M.E.A. & TAYLOR R. 2004: Is the Southern Green Shield Bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) another species colonising Britain due to climate change? Br. J. Entom. Nat. Hist. 17: 143-146
  26. SKELTON M. 1999: Successful overwintering by Clouded Yellow Colias croceus in southern England. Atropos 8: 3-6
  27. SMITH R.M., BAKER R.H.A., MALUMPHY C.P., HOCKLAND S., HAMMON R.P., OSTOJA-STARZEWSKI J.C. & COLLINS D.W. 2005: Non-native invertebrate plant pests established in Great Britain: an assessment of patterns and trends. BCPC Symposium Proc. 81: 119-124
  28. SPARKS T.H., ROY D.B. & DENNIS R.L.H. 2005: The influence of temperature on migration of Lepidoptera into Britain. Global Change Biol. 11: 507-514 Go to original source...
  29. STEFANESCU C., PENUELAS J. & FILELLA I. 2003: Effects of climatic change on the phenology of butterflies in the northwest Mediterranean Basin. Global Change Biol. 9: 1494-1506 Go to original source...
  30. THOMAS C.D., CAMERON A., GREENE R.E., BAKKENES M., BEAUMONT L.J., COLLINGHAM Y.C., ERASMUS B.F.N., DE SIQUEIRA M.F., GRAINGER A., HANNAH L., HUGHES L., HUNTLEY B., VAN JAARSVELD A.S., MIDGLEY G.F., MILES L., ORTEGA-HUERTA M.A., PETERSON A.T., PHILLIPS O.L. & WILLIAMS S.E. 2004: Extinction risk from climate change. Nature 427: 145-148 Go to original source...
  31. WALTHER G.-R., POST E., CONVEY P., MENZEL A., PARMESAN C., BEEBEE T.J.C., FROMENTIN J.M., HOEGH-GULDBERG O. & BAIRLEIN F. 2002: Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature 416: 389-395 Go to original source...
  32. WARREN M.S., HILL J.K., THOMAS J.A., ASHER J., FOX R., HUNTLEY B., ROY D.B., TELFER M.G., JEFFCOATE S., HARDING P., JEFFCOATE G., WILLIS S.G., GREATOREX-DAVIES J.N., MOSS D. & THOMAS C.D. 2001: Rapid responses of British butterflies to opposing forces of climate and habitat change. Nature 414: 65-69 Go to original source...
  33. WILLIAMS C.B. 1965: Insect Migration. Collins, London, 237 pp
  34. WOOD C.R., CHAPMAN J.W., REYNOLDS D.R., BARLOW J.F., SMITH A.D. & WOIWOD I.P. 2006: The influence of the atmospheric boundary layer on nocturnal layers of noctuids and other moths migrating over southern Britain. Int. J. Biometeor. 50: 193-204 Go to original source...