Eur. J. Entomol. 104 (1): 119-137, 2007 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2007.018

Rediscovery, redescription and reclassification of Beludzhia phylloteliptera (Diptera: Sarcophagidae: Miltogramminae)

Krzysztof SZPILA1, Thomas PAPE2
1 Nicolaus Copernicus University, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Department of Animal Ecology, Gagarina 9, 87-100 Toruń, Poland; e-mail: szpila@biol.uni.torun.pl
2 Zoological Museum, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; e-mail: tpape@snm.ku.dk

The species Beludzhia phylloteliptera Rohdendorf is redescribed from adult males and females as well as all larval instars collected in the United Arab Emirates. The morphology of the first instar larva is strikingly similar to that of Dolichotachina marginella (Wiedemann) and Phylloteles pictipennis Loew, all of which are here documented for the first time. These three generic representatives share several character states, which are probably plesiomorphic relative to the condition observed in other miltogrammine larvae, but the uniquely shaped, slender mouthhook, a cushion- or pad-like lobe behind the maxillary palpus (cheek organ), the antero-ventral segmental prolegs of the first instar larva, and the integumental warts of the third instar larvae, are shared character states not known from any other species of Sarcophagidae. Beludzhia Rohdendorf is therefore placed with Dolichotachina Villeneuve and Phylloteles Loew in the tribe Phyllotelini.

Keywords: Sarcophagidae, Miltogramminae, redescription, systematics, larva, adult, morphology, SEM, Beludzhia, Dolichotachina, Phylloteles

Received: June 9, 2006; Accepted: September 25, 2006; Published: January 3, 2007Show citation

ACS AIP APA ASA Harvard Chicago IEEE ISO690 MLA NLM Turabian Vancouver
SZPILA, K., & PAPE, T. (2007). Rediscovery, redescription and reclassification of Beludzhia phylloteliptera (Diptera: Sarcophagidae: Miltogramminae). Eur. J. Entomol.104(1), 119-137. doi: 10.14411/eje.2007.018.
Download citation

References

  1. CHARYKULIEV D.M. & MYARTSEVA S.N. 1964: The natural enemies of Philantus triangulum. Kolkhoz. Sovkhoz. Proizv. Turk. [1964]: 84-88.
  2. COURTNEY G.W., SINCLAIR B.J. & MEIER R. 2000: Morphology and terminology of Diptera larvae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with Special Reference to Flies of Economic Importance). Science Herald Press, Budapest, pp. 85-161
  3. CUTHBERTSON A. 1936: Biological notes on some Diptera in Southern Rodesia. Occ. Pap. Rhod. Mus. 4: 11-28
  4. CUTHBERTSON A. 1939: On the biology of Craticulina tabaniformis F., (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) which breeds in the nests of sand wasp Bembex F. (Sphecidae). J. Entomol. Soc. Sth. Afr. 1: 1-8
  5. DRABER-MONKO A. 2004: Calliphoridae, Plujki (Insecta, Diptera). Fauna Poloniae 23. Natura Optima Dux Fundation & MaZI PAS, Warsaw, 659 pp. [in Polish]
  6. EMDEN F.I. VAN 1965: The Fauna of India and Adjacent Countries. Diptera 7, Muscidae Part 1. Delhi, 647 pp
  7. ERZINCLIOGLU Y.Z. 1985: Immature stages of British Calliphora and Cynomya, with re-evaluation of the taxonomic characters of larval Calliphoridae (Diptera). J. Nat. Hist. 19: 69-96 Go to original source...
  8. ERZINCLIOGLU Y.Z. 1989: The origin of parasitism in blowflies. Br. J. Entomol. Nat. Hist. 2: 125-127
  9. FERRAR P. 1987: A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha. Entomonograph 8: 1-907
  10. GARM A. 2004: Revising the definition of the crustacean seta and setal classification systems based on examinations of the mouthpart setae of seven species of decapods. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 233-252 Go to original source...
  11. GREATHEAD D.J. 1963: A review of the insect enemies of Acridoidea (Orthoptera). Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 114: 437-517 Go to original source...
  12. KRISTENSEN N. P. & SIMONSEN T.J. 2003: 'Hairs' and scales. In Kristensen N.P. (ed.) Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies 2. Handbuch der Zoologie/Handbook of Zoology IV/36. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York, pp. 9-22
  13. LIU D. & GREENBERG B. 1989: Immature stages of some flies of forensic importance. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 82: 80-93 Go to original source...
  14. LOPES H.S. 1983: The importance of the mandible and clypeal arch of the first instar larvae in the classification of the Sarcophagidae (Diptera). Revta Bras. Entomol. 26: 293-326
  15. MCGOWAN A., BRODERICH A.C., DEEMING J., GODLEY B.J. & HANCOCK E.G. 2001: Dipteran infestation of loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and green (Chelonia mydas) sea turtle nests in northern Cyprus. J. Nat. Hist. 35: 573-581 Go to original source...
  16. MERZ B. & HAENNI J.-P. 2000: Morphology and terminology of adult Diptera (other than terminalia). In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with Special Reference to Flies of Economic Importance). Science Herald Press, Budapest, pp. 21-51
  17. MORADESHAGHI M.J. & BOHART G.E. 1968: The biology of Euphytomima nomiivora (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), a parasite of the alkali bee, Nomia melanderi (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 41: 456-473
  18. MULLEN G.R., TRAUTH S.E. & SELLERS J.C. 1984: Association of a miltogrammine fly, Eumacronychia nigricornis Allen (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), with the brood burrows of Sceloporus undulatus (Latrielle) [sic!] (Reptilia: Lacertillia [sic!]). J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 19: 1-6
  19. PAPE T. 1987a: The Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomol. Scand. 19: 1-203
  20. PAPE T. 1987b: Revision of Neotropical Metopia Meigen (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Syst. Entomol. 12: 81-101 Go to original source...
  21. PAPE T. 1994: The world Blaesoxipha Loew, 1861 (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Entomol. Scand. (Suppl.) 45: 1-247
  22. PAPE T. 1996: Catalogue of the Sarcophagidae of the world (Insecta: Diptera). Mem. Entomol. Internat. 8: 1-558
  23. PAPE T. 2006: A new species of Hoplacephala with a discussion of generic monophyly (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Zootaxa 1183: 57-68
  24. POVOLNY D. 2002: Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819): the first forensic case in Central Europe involving this blowfly (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendel. Brun. 50: 105-112
  25. POVOLNY D. & VERVES YU.G. 1997: The flesh-flies of Central Europe (Insecta, Diptera, Sarcophagidae). Spixiana (Suppl.) 24: 1-260
  26. ROBACK S.S. 1954: The evolution and taxonomy of the Sarcophaginae (Diptera, Sarcophagidae). Illinois Biol. Monogr. 23: 1-181
  27. ROHDENDORF B.B. 1930: 64 h. Sarcophaginae. In Lindner E. (ed.): Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region 11 [Lieferung 39] . E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, pp. 1-48
  28. ROHDENDORF B.B. 1935: 64 h. Sarcophaginae. In Lindner E. (ed.): Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region 11 [Lieferung 88] . E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, pp. 49-128
  29. ROHDENDORF B.B. 1967: The directions of historical development of Sarcophagidae (Diptera). Proc. Paleont. Inst. Akad. Sci. USSR 116: 1-92
  30. ROHDENDORF B.B. 1971: 64 h. Sarcophaginae. In Lindner E. (ed.): Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region 11 [Lieferung 285] . E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, pp. 129-176
  31. ROHDENDORF B.B. 1975: 64 h. Sarcophaginae. In Lindner E. (ed.): Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region 11 [Lieferung 311] . E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart pp. 177-232
  32. SEGUY E. 1941: Etudes sur les mouches parasites. 2. Calliphorides, calliphorines (suite), sarcophagines et rhinophorides de l'Europe occidentale et meridionale. Encycl. Entomol. (Ser. A) 21: 1-436
  33. SEGUY E. 1953: Dipteres calliphorides infeodes au Noditermes curvatus en Cote d'Ivoire. Bul. Sect. Fr. Un. Int. Etud. Insectes Soc. 1: 21-28
  34. SPOFFORD M.G., KURCZEWSKI F.E. & DOWNES W.L. JR. 1989: Nearctic species of Miltogrammini (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) associated with species of Aculeata (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea, Pompiloidea, Sphecoidea, Apoidea). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 62: 254-267
  35. SUKONTASON K.L., SUKONTASON K., LERTTHAMNONGHTAM S., KUNTALUE B., THIJUK N., VOGTSBERGER R.C. & OLSON J.K. 2003: Surface ultrastructure of Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) larvae (Diptera: Caliphoridae). J. Med. Entomol. 40: 259-267 Go to original source...
  36. SZPILA K. 2003: First instar larvae of nine West-Palaearctic species of Pollenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Entomol. Fenn. 14: 193-210
  37. SZPILA K. 2004: First instar larvae of five West Palaearctic species of Bellardia Robineau Desvoidy, 1863 and Onesia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Stud. Dipterol. 11: 301-312
  38. SZPILA K. & PAPE T. 2005a: The first instar larva of Apodacra pulchra (Diptera: Sarcophagidae, Miltogramminae). Insect Syst. Evol. 36: 293-300 Go to original source...
  39. SZPILA K. & PAPE T. 2005b: Comparative morphology of the first instar larva of three species of Metopia Meigen (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Acta Zool. 86: 119-134 Go to original source...
  40. THOMPSON W.R. 1921: Recherches sur les dipteres parasites. I - Les larves des Sarcophagidae. Bull. Biol. Fr. Belge 54: 313-463.
  41. VERVES YU.G. 1988: The Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of the Lund University collection. Vestn. Zool. [1988]: 11-19 [in Russian, English abstr.]
  42. VERVES YU.G. 1989: The phylogenetic systematics of the miltogrammatine flies (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) of the world. Japan J. Med. Sci. Biol. 42: 111-126 Go to original source...
  43. VERVES YU.G. 1990: A key to Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of Mongolia, Siberia and neighbouring territories. Ins. Mongolia 11: 516-616
  44. VERVES YU.G. 1994: A key to genera and subgenera of Palaearctic Miltogrammatinae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) with a description of a new genus. Dipt. Res. 5: 239-247
  45. WALLMAN J.F. 2001: Third-instar larvae of common carrionbreeding blowflies of the genus Calliphora (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Invert. Taxon. 15: 37-51 Go to original source...
  46. ZUMPT F. 1965: Myiasis in Man and Animals in the Old World. A Textbook for Physicians, Veterinarians and Zoologists. Butterworth's, London, 267 pp
  47. ZUMPT F. 1973: The genus Phylloteles (Diptera: Sarcophagidae, Miltogramminae) in Africa and Europe. Bull. Ann. Soc. R. Belge d'Entomol. 109: 308-319