Eur. J. Entomol. 104 (1): 57-65, 2007 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2007.009

Role of olfactory and visual stimuli in the mating behaviour of male vine bud moths, Theresimima ampellophaga (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae)

Teodora Borislavova TOSHOVA1, Mitko Angelov SUBCHEV1, Miklós TÓTH2
1 Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Blvd. Tzar Osvoboditel 1, Sofia, 1000, Bulgaria; e-mails: toshova@zoology.bas.bg; subchev@zoology.bas.bg
2 Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Pf 102, Budapest, H-1525, Hungary; e-mail: h2371tot@ella.hu

The influence of olfactory and visual stimuli on the mating behaviour of Theresimima ampellophaga males was investigated in the field. A female model attached to a pheromone source significantly increased the number of males contacting and showing copulatory responses compared to their reaction to a pheromone stimulus alone. The pheromone stimulus was the primary factor releasing male copulatory behaviour, independent of the spatial arrangement of olfactory and visual cues. The role of the visual cues decreased with increasing distance between visual and olfactory cues. The reaction of males to pairs of models with different characteristics of conspecific females, in combination with a pheromone source placed 2 cm upwind from the center of the line between each pair of models, was compared. The size and shape of the female seemed not to be important, while the colour, posture, sex and species belongings significantly influenced the male's mating reaction.

Keywords: Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae, Theresimima ampellophaga, vine bud moth, sex pheromone, vision, mating behaviour

Received: April 14, 2006; Accepted: October 11, 2006; Revised: October 11, 2006; Published: January 3, 2007Show citation

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TOSHOVA, T.B., SUBCHEV, M.A., & TÓTH, M. (2007). Role of olfactory and visual stimuli in the mating behaviour of male vine bud moths, Theresimima ampellophaga (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae). Eur. J. Entomol.104(1), 57-65. doi: 10.14411/eje.2007.009.
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